Stopping Distance 

The stopping distance will depend on your attention, the road surface, the weather conditions and your vehicle.
Stopping distances. Drive at a speed that will allow you to stop well within the distance you can see to be clear.

You should

  • leave enough space between you and the vehicle in front so that you can pull up safely if it suddenly slows down or stops. The safe rule is never to get closer than the overall stopping distance (see Typical Stopping Distances diagram)
  • allow at least a two-second gap between you and the vehicle in front on high-speed roads and in tunnels where visibility is reduced. The gap should be at least doubled on wet roads and up to ten times greater on icy roads
  • remember, large vehicles and motorcycles need a greater distance to stop. If driving a large vehicle in a tunnel, you should allow a four-second gap between you and the vehicle in front

If you have to stop in a tunnel, leave at least a 5-metre gap between you and the vehicle in front.





If your vehicle is fitted with anti-lock brakes, you should follow the advice given in the vehicle handbook. However, in the case of an emergency, apply the footbrake firmly; do not release the pressure until the vehicle has slowed to the desired speed. The ABS should ensure that steering control will be retained, but do not assume that a vehicle with ABS will stop in a shorter distance.


Keep a Safe Distance 

Only A Fool Breck the 2 second rule 

Keep a Safe Following Distance - The Highway Code recommends you keep AT LEAST a 2 second gap from the car in front (in good dry road conditions). To judge a 2 second gap you wait for the car in front to pass a fixed object (for example a lamp post or road sign) and then count 2 seconds, this can be done by saying the phrase "only a fool brakes the two second rule" (which takes 2 seconds to say), if you can say the phrase before reaching the fixed object then you are a safe distance behind, if you can't say the phrase they increase your following distance (i.e. drop further back from the car in front). In wet conditions AT LEAST a 4 second gap should be kept, and in icy conditions AT LEAST a 20 second gap should be kept.

Speed Limits 

Knowing your speed limits help you stay safe 

You MUST NOT exceed the maximum speed limits for the road and for your vehicle. A speed limit of 30 mph (48 km/h) generally applies to all roads with street lights (excluding motorways) unless signs show otherwise.

Speed limits

Cars & motorcycles (including car derived vans up to 2 tonnes maximum laden weight)

30mph (48km) =    Build up area 

60mph(96km) =   Single Carriageways 

70mph (112km) =   Dual Carriageways 

70mph (112km)  = Motorway's 

Locally set speed limits 

20mph (32km) =    passing schools 

  50 mph (80 km/h) on single carriageways with known hazards



speed limit for car and towing and good vehicles

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